A dental crown is a cap that reinstates a damaged or missing tooth to its normal shape, size, and function. It is useful when a tooth has lost a substantial tooth structure or cannot support tooth fillings. A crown also helps protect a damaged or broken tooth. In case of discolorations or stains, a crown can help change the shades of teeth.
What are the grounds to crown a tooth?
There are several reasons when crowns are fitted over the teeth.
- Cracked or Broken Teeth:The teeth can break and chip with regular chewing and biting actions. These fractures make the teeth vulnerable to oral bacteria that can lead to decay and infection. A weakened tooth can be strengthened with crowns as they provide a strong outer tooth covering similar to the natural composition of the tooth. A broken or worn-out tooth can be benefitted from being crowned.
- Extensive Fillings:Fillings are beneficial for many tooth decay areas that have only a small portion of natural tooth remaining. The crowns can help strengthen the tooth’s structure composed of the fillings.
- Support Dental Bridges:A bridge replaces a missing natural tooth with the support of the adjoining natural teeth. Crowns can be fabricated to cover the bridge as well as the supporting teeth. They can be installed as a single unit.
- Cosmetic Dentistry:Crowns can be used to hide the stained, discolored, or misshapen teeth. They help improve oral aesthetics and look very similar to natural teeth.
- Dental Implant Crowning: A root canal procedure helps preserve the tooth’s structure though technically, it may die and not receiving any nutrients through the blood supply. When a tooth is beyond repair, a dental implant can serve as its replacement. Typically, a dental implant has two main parts- a titanium screw implanted in the jawbone and a crown secured onto the screw. The crown is the portion above the gum line which is visible.
What are the various types of Crowns?
- Metal Crowns:These varieties of crowns are solid and durable since they are made of metals. They can withstand the chewing and biting of foods. Its only disadvantage is it can hamper the facial aesthetics and hence be suitable for the molars deep inside the mouth.
- Ceramic Crowns:They are tooth-colored and aesthetically pleasing, and hence suitable for the front teeth. They are strong and blend in easily with natural teeth.
- Porcelain-Fused-To-Metal: These crowns have the double advantage of the metal providing the strength and porcelain matching with the natural teeth. The inside of these crowns is made of metal and fused with porcelain for its outer appearance.
How should you care for the crowned teeth?
Crowns do not require any special maintenance as they are made of durable synthetic materials. However, it is important for patients with multiple crowns to maintain good oral health as problems may develop in the gums or surrounding teeth. Complications of the crown can be avoided with a good brushing and flossing regime.
Call us at Bray Family Dental Clinic or schedule an online appointment to know more about Crowns.